It is possible to grow your own coffee from home! Even if you're not an avid gardener, a coffee bush will grow into a beautiful houseplant. Here's how you can grow your own arabica coffee.
Coffee is a plant native to Ethiopia, first recorded in the 15th century. By the 16th century, it had spread throughout Europe and is now mostly grown in Brazil. Americans consume 400 million cups of coffee per day. That's quite the brew!
One coffee bush can produce 1lb-2lbs of coffee per year. Outside of the tropical belt, it is primarily grown as a beautiful houseplant.
It requires significant attention to come to fruit, but for plant-enthusiasts who enjoy a challenge, the coffee bush is an excellent choice. If you're uninterested in your own brew, it is a unique houseplant with a lifespan of 50+ years. A win, win for me.
First, begin with high-quality, heirloom arabica coffee bush seeds. We carry these in our store.
Soak the seeds in water for one day to pre-germinate. This is important. Sow the seeds flat-side down into wet, well-drained soil. DO NOT pack the soil down, only cover with loose soil. Water every day, ensure the soil is moist but well-drained at all times.
Once the seed has germinated(2-6 months,) there are coffee-specific fertilizers available, but you can use rotted manure as well.
This is the tricky part. The coffee plant thrives in the tropical conditions of Brazil, which are hard to replicate if you live elsewhere. Water your coffee twice a week, allowing full drainage after each watering. It is important not to drown the plant, but keep the soil moist at all times. Utilize a pebble tray of water to maintain humidity.
Place your pot in an area of diffused light. The plant does not enjoy full sun nor shade. It is preferable to keep the pot indoors, unless you live in tropical conditions or have a greenhouse.
Your coffee plant can reach up to six foot tall, making a gorgeous bush for added greenery to any area you'd like. They are also excellent conversation starters and a rarity for any plant lover! Please do not forget this is a toxic plant to both humans and animals alike, so keep that in mind when beginning your plants!
Here's a video!
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